This post will go over how to connect with the Spotify API to collect information about artists using Python 3 and then create an infographic from the data Spotify returned. Below is a preview of what we will be creating before we dive into the details.
In order to play around with Spotify’s API in Python to gather data about artists, I installed Requests: HTTP for Humans via the terminal using:
$ pip install requests. Note: Requests is a library that can be used to make API calls and is not limited to use only with the Spotify API.
Note: You can explore documentation for the Spotify web API here
# importing Requests: HTTP for Humans - installed in previous step. import requests
# making a search request to the Spotify API to return # any artist with 'lil' in their name. This request is # limited to 50 artists in the US market. response = requests.get('https://api.spotify.com/v1/search?query=lil&type=artist&limit=50&market=US')
# converts the response from a string to a json object that can be parsed in Python. data = response.json()
#visit this url: in order to see what the json object that is returned looks like: # [https://api.spotify.com/v1/search?query=lil&type=artist&limit=50&market=US](https://api.spotify.com/v1/search?query=lil&type=artist&limit=50&market=US)
#looking at the 'items' returned for 'artists' in this request.
The Spotify API describes items returned from search as:
lil_artists = data['artists']['items']
# iterating through each artist and their items # items contains the information we would like to recieve for each artist.
artist object (full) (from Spotify API)
# I use two separate for loops because I want to return ALL of the artist names before returning popularity rankings. for artist in lil_artists: # return the name of each artist found with 'search?query=lil&type=artist&limit=50&market=US'
Note: Spotify’s API will also return artists that had names that formerly matched query. For example: Boosie Badazz, G Herbo and Bow Wow no longer user ‘lil’ in their stage name however, they are included in this dataset.
Lil Wayne Lil Yachty Lil Uzi Vert Lil Dicky Boosie Badazz Lil Jon King Lil G Lil Durk Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz Lil Bibby G Herbo Lil Rob Lil Reese Lil Keke Bow Wow Lil Scrappy Lil Wyte Lil Blood Lil Snupe Lil Mama Lil B Lil' Kim Lil Cuete Lil Phat Lil Debbie Lil Twist Lil Trill Lil Twon Lil AJ Lil Lonnie Lil Goofy Mr. Lil One Lil Flash Lil Kesh Lil Haiti Lil Silva Lil Rue Lil Cray Lil Eddie Lil Wayne, DJ Drama Lil Yase Lil Suzy Lil Mouse Lil C Lil Rick Lil Boom Lil June Lil E Lil Fate Lil' Flip
# returns the popularity ranking associated with each of these artists # view popularity definition above
for artist in lil_artists: print(artist['popularity'])
86 72 72 68 67 72 61 60 60 54 53 50 50 48 57 49 50 45 45 45 44 62 40 39 43 39 37 38 37 36 35 36 38 39 35 43 34 35 41 35 33 34 34 33 38 33 32 34 34 49
- Create a free Infogr.am account.
- Select ‘Chart or Graph’
3. Select the type of chart or graph you would like to create
4. The chart will be created with dummy data. Double click on the chart to pull up an black bar with an ‘edit’ button. Clicking edit will allow you to manipulate the data.
5. Here’s the dummy data that infogr.am automatically includes:
6. Copy and paste the output of:
7. The result is a beautiful graphic will all of the data that you pasted into infogr.am. Now you can play around with the visual aesthetic of the graphic.
(fyi: set limit to 10 for this one — the other two examples have 50 datapoints)